AI Revolution Continues: The Winners, Losers, and the Future Shaped by ChatGPT's Unstoppable Rise - May 2023

Explore the far-reaching consequences of AI's rapid evolution, as ChatGPT disrupts industries, impacts jobs, and raises ethical concerns.

AI Revolution Continues: The Winners, Losers, and the Future Shaped by ChatGPT's Unstoppable Rise - May 2023

As AI continues to evolve rapidly, the first casualties are becoming increasingly evident, impacting various industries and raising concerns about the future of work, ethics, and regulation. This essay will delve into the consequences of AI advancements, particularly in relation to the recent rise of ChatGPT.

Effects on Education and Tutoring Services

Chegg's Decline and Adaptation

The meteoric rise of ChatGPT has sent shockwaves through the education industry, with tutoring platforms like Chegg feeling the heat. As students flock to ChatGPT, enthralled by its capabilities, Chegg's business has taken a significant hit, leaving the company grappling with the seemingly insurmountable prowess of the AI-driven tool. In a bold move to stay afloat, Chegg has pivoted, embracing the "if you can't beat them, join them" mantra by forging a partnership with OpenAI API. This collaboration has given birth to an innovative new product, dubbed "Cheggmate," marking Chegg's foray into the AI-powered tutoring landscape.

However, this development also raises concerns about the integrity of education, as students may use these tools to cheat themselves out of a real education. As AI continues to disrupt the tutoring and education industry, it is essential to consider the long-term consequences for students and learning outcomes.

Impact on Media and Language Learning Apps

BuzzFeed and Vice Media's Struggles

AI has also significantly affected the media industry, with BuzzFeed and Vice Media experiencing financial difficulties as a result. This is partly because AI-generated content, such as ChatGPT, can produce deep and enlightening articles at a much lower cost, making it difficult for traditional media outlets to compete. The ongoing struggle of media companies to adapt to this new AI-driven landscape raises concerns about the future of journalism and the quality of content that will be available to the public.

Duolingo and Language Learning Apps

Language learning apps like Duolingo are also feeling threatened by the rise of AI, as Language Models (LMs) are becoming superior second language teachers. This could potentially make their products obsolete, leading to uncertainty about the future of language learning and the role of AI in education.

Duolingo, seemingly cognizant of the looming threat, has integrated GPT-4 LLM into its new offering, Duolingo Max, a subscription tier above Super Duolingo. The company has been collaborating with OpenAI for months, culminating in the product's launch in March.

For Duolingo, the crucial question is whether customers will opt for its neatly packaged product featuring ChatGPT technology or choose to access ChatGPT directly for free, despite the potential for additional user effort.

The Demise of LegalZoom and Google's Challenges

LegalZoom's Decline

LegalZoom, a company providing legal templates and services, has also found itself in the direct line of fire of AI advancements. ChatGPT's ability to generate legal documents for free threatens the core of LegalZoom's business.

ChatGPT's prowess in drafting legal agreements and its ability to process vast quantities of data for succinct legal briefs pose a considerable threat. Furthermore, having passed the bar exam, ChatGPT demonstrates the requisite knowledge and comprehension to operate as a lawyer.

Once the ChatGPT retrieval plugin becomes widely available, the demand for LegalZoom's services is expected to decline dramatically, potentially leading to the company's demise. Among the myriad sectors facing challenges from ChatGPT and generative AI, the legal field appears to be a prime target for upheaval.

Google's Struggle to Keep Up

Google faces a significant challenge from the growth of ChatGPT, as it could reduce search traffic and, consequently, search ad revenue – one of Google's most significant sources of income. As ChatGPT continues to grow at an unprecedented rate, it is crucial for Google to innovate and develop new strategies to maintain its position in the market. The upcoming Google I/O event will be a crucial moment to watch for potential announcements and plans to tackle this challenge.

Resignation of AI Pioneer Jeffrey Hinton

Concerns About the Risks of AI

The resignation of Jeffrey Hinton, often referred to as one of the godfathers of deep learning, highlights the growing concerns about the risks of AI. Hinton resigned to be able to speak freely about the potential dangers of AI, such as its use in influencing elections or creating hyper-intelligent killing machines. While Hinton acknowledged that Google has acted responsibly in its AI endeavors, his resignation emphasizes the need for an ongoing conversation about the ethical implications and potential risks associated with AI advancements.

Russian AI Research and Potential Consequences

The recent announcement of Russia's large language model, Gigachat, adds to the complexity of the AI landscape. With talented AI researchers and a potentially different approach to AI ethics, the international community needs to consider the consequences of AI advancements in various countries and the potential for both collaboration and competition.

Job Losses and Emerging Occupations

IBM's Job Cuts and the Impact on Traditional Industries

IBM's announcement of eliminating 7,800 jobs over the next five years underscores the impact of AI on employment. As AI continues to replace back-office roles, such as HR and paper-pushers, the job market will need to adapt and find new opportunities for those displaced by AI technologies. The ongoing shift towards AI raises questions about the long-term stability of employment in traditional industries.

New Occupations and the Future of Work

Despite the potential job losses caused by AI, there is hope for new occupations to emerge. History shows that 60% of workers today are in occupations that did not exist in 1940. As AI continues to develop, it is likely to create new jobs, such as AI trainers and other roles yet to be imagined. The challenge lies in equipping the workforce with the skills required to succeed in these new roles.

AI Hype and the Need (or Not) for Regulation

A recent paper argues that the hype surrounding emergent AI might be a mirage created by researchers. This raises questions about the motives behind the AI hype and the potential for manipulation, regulation, and control of AI technologies by a select few. As AI continues to advance, it is crucial to promote transparency, open discussion, and the development of fair regulations to ensure that the benefits of AI are accessible to all and its potential risks are mitigated.

AI in Military and Security Applications

Palantir's Innovations and the Changing Role of Military Personnel

AI is also making inroads into military and security applications, as demonstrated by Palantir's innovative use of AI in targeting enemy equipment. By generating multiple courses of action and allowing commanders to make informed decisions, AI has the potential to change the role of military personnel dramatically. While this may improve efficiency in military operations, it raises ethical questions about the use of AI in warfare and its potential to desensitize decision-makers from the human cost of armed conflict.

AI-Driven Surveillance and Privacy Concerns

The use of AI in surveillance and security applications also presents concerns about privacy and individual rights. As AI-driven surveillance systems become more sophisticated, there is a risk of intrusive monitoring and misuse of collected data. Governments, companies, and individuals must balance the benefits of AI-driven security with the need to protect privacy and civil liberties.

AI's Impact on Society and the Importance of Education

The Role of AI in Social Discourse

As AI becomes more prevalent in producing content, it is essential to consider the impact of AI-generated information on social discourse. While AI can create deep and enlightening articles, there is a risk that AI-generated content may contribute to misinformation, biased perspectives, and echo chambers. Ensuring that AI-generated content is accurate, balanced, and trustworthy is a critical challenge that must be addressed to maintain the integrity of public discourse.

Education and Lifelong Learning in the Age of AI

With AI disrupting various industries and changing the nature of work, education and lifelong learning become increasingly important. As new occupations emerge and traditional roles change or disappear, individuals must adapt by acquiring new skills and knowledge. Educational institutions, governments, and private organizations must work together to provide accessible and relevant education and training opportunities that prepare individuals for the evolving job market.


The rapid development of AI, exemplified by the rise of ChatGPT, has led to significant consequences across various industries and raised concerns about the future of work, ethics, and regulation. As AI continues to advance, it is crucial for society to address these challenges collectively, promoting transparency, fairness, and ethical considerations while fostering innovation and ensuring that the benefits and opportunities created by AI are accessible to all.

Read next